MidCentury Modern: Winter Park’s Hidden Heritage

 

Nils Schweizer's downtown Winter Park office

Nils Schweizer’s downtown Winter Park office; photo by Rick Kilby

by Christine Madrid French

On the surface, the wildly popular television show “Mad Men,”set in the 1960s, chronicled the life of high-flying advertising executive Donald Draper and his stylish coworkers.  On a broader, cultural level, however, the show can be credited with a bringing about a national resurgence of mid-century mania.  Increasingly, well-heeled homebuilders are favoring the modern designs that Winter Parkers are seeing pop up all over town.   And, advised by publications like “Atomic Ranch,” some homeowners are doing the previously unthinkable—ripping out replacement wood flooring to reveal the sparkling terrazzo underneath.  Can harvest gold appliances at Southeast Steel be far behind?

While you may have been following this trend, were you also aware that Winter Park boasts an extensive inventory of midcentury gems?  Indeed, Winter Park’s renowned architectural heritage isn’t just about turn-of-the-century Victorians, 1920s bungalows and 1940s Mediterranean revival, but also includes important but lesser known structures from the middle-twentieth century, often referred to as Mid-Century Modern.

Terrazzo > Hardwood?

Terrazzo > Hardwood?

A subset of the modernism, Mid-Century Modern (MCM) is a more specific term used to differentiate buildings created between the years of World War II (early 1940s), and the Moon landing in 1969. Not coincidently, this was also a remarkable period of growth in Central Florida. Thousands of buildings were constructed to satisfy growing demand and an expanding population.

Modernism is a critical part of Winter Park’s historic context, representing an entire generation of residents, builders, and architects.  Indeed, MCM buildings embody the current “people’s memory” of Winter Park, including shops, schools, houses, and government buildings that we fondly remember and care for today. MCM buildings are included in the Downtown Winter Park Historic District, listed on the National Register of Historic Places, which outlines 36 contributing buildings, including the 1965 Post Office.  Formally, these buildings “contribute to downtown Winter Park’s sense of time, place, and historical development…and provide an important architectural link to the heritage of Winter Park.” The entire 63-page document can be downloaded here: https://cityofwinterpark.org/docs/departments/planning-community-development/historic-preservation/NRHP_Nomination.pdf

Modernist architects in mid-century Winter Park incorporated dramatic design features such as slanted roofs, expansive windows, and shiny terrazzo floors. In modern buildings of that era, the architect created a design in which the materials and composition speaks for itself, with no additional décor, such as curlicues, Greek columns, or gargoyles. But, exotic motifs and modern artwork distinguish a number of examples, with Asian-inspired screens or tiled murals. Many of these buildings rely on a blurring of the boundary between inside and outside, including sliding glass doors to open up interior spaces, garden boxes in the living areas, or integral water features.

Winter Park’s collection of notable modern buildings is sprinkled all over town, right beneath your eyes. If you are on your own treasure hunt for Modernism in our midst, here are a few key buildings and features to look for:

Royal House, 1295 N. Park Avenue (corner of New York and Park avenues), 1961.

Royal House living room; photo by Ruben Madrid

Royal House living room; photo by Ruben Madrid

The residential designs from this era do not typically receive as much recognition, primarily because the properties are not visible from the street or the buildings are obscured behind concrete screens or heavy vegetation. One house that you can see—and buy—is located at 1295 N. Park Avenue. The house was built in 1961 by Robert M. Howard of Orlando, but the architect is unknown. This elegant MCM home was once owned by William and Edith Royal, owners and operators of three Royal Dance Schools in Orlando and Winter Park (for 38 years) and directors of the Ballet Royal (for 32 years) which brought the Nutcracker to Orlando. She established her first Central Florida dance school in Winter Park in 1949 and is often referred to as the “Mother of Dance in Florida.”[i] She retired in 1985 after training thousands of students in dance and is remembered fondly by generations of Floridians.

royalhouseentry.a

Royal House entry; photo by Ruben Madrid

Recently, Thor Falk, the owner, invited me and a few architecture enthusiasts to tour the home.
Falk has made a few changes to the building for today’s comfort, but the essential character-defining features of this modernist house remain intact. The house incorporates many Asian-inspired elements, a popular motif of the 1960s generated in part from the addition of Hawaii as a state in 1959. The sharply-gabled roof soars right past the walls of the house to create a porte-cochere at the corner of the ½ acre lot, supported by a massive stone wall. The front door is encircled by two lunette windows protected by Asian-inspired metal screens. Similar metal screens on the New York Avenue façade were once room dividers between the living room and dining room, now repurposed and expanded for the side entry. The house also features a classic concrete-block screen to keep the western side of the house cool. The original terrazzo floors run through the central living areas, all illuminated by a dramatic window wall facing Park Avenue and the historic Jewett House, designed by James Gamble Rogers II in 1937. Architect Richard Reep configured a few ways to expand the home while maintaining the original form, so the house could be modified without tearing it down.IMG_1168

Interested? The house is currently for sale with Anne Rogers Realty Group:  Royal House listing

The Winter Park Post Office

photo credit: Rick Kilby

photo credit: Rick Kilby

Built in 1965, the Winter Park Post Office is listed as a significant contributor to the Downtown Winter Park Historic District.  Architect Joseph Shifalo worked with contractors Cason & Moore to create this perfectly proportioned modernist “pavilion,” similar to the work of Mies van der Rohe at the Farnsworth House in Plano, Illinois (1945-1951, now owned by the National Trust for Historic Preservation). Indeed, a similarly-styled 1961 building—a bank–was recently saved and reused as the Architecture and Design Center for the Palm Springs Art Museum in California (http://www.psmuseum.org/architecture-design-center/). Shifalo taught at Rollins in the late 1950s and maintained a firm in Winter Park.

post office mural detail; photo Ruben Madrid

post office mural detail

"beer can" detail

“beer can” detail

The Winter Park Post Office was completed at a cost of $400,000 (about $2.5 million in today’s dollars) and features original artworks on three sides of the exterior. Two sides are decorated with an original painted-stone mural by artist Joe Testa-Secca; a completely unique metal screen composed of smashed Busch Beer cans, painted black, is installed along the east façade in an artistic take on a functional brise-soliel or sun screen. Testa-Secca, a professor emeritus at the University of Tampa, is a significant Florida artist that has exhibited worldwide with current works selling for upwards of $30,000. One of his large murals, “Symbols of Mankind,” installed on the Saunders Public Library in Tampa, was recently moved and preserved as part of a new structure.

More importantly, Testa-Secca provides a critical link between architecture and art in Winter Park. He won the Best of Show award at the Winter Park Sidewalk Art Show in 1965 and was subsequently awarded the commission to design murals for the new post office. According to the National Register listing for Downtown Winter Park, the post office “contains the only documented art work of Testa-Secca’s as part of a building in Winter Park and the only mural from the historic period in the historic district,” and was considered a critical element in continuing the “art” of Park Avenue and the WPSA show across Central Park.

Anything by Nils Schweizer

Schweizer and Wright

Schweizer and Wright

Nils Schweizer (1925-1988), is one of the most significant architects in our area’s history. He worked with Frank Lloyd Wright as on-site architect during the construction of Florida Southern College, and designed a number of important structures in our area including the Winter Park City Hall (1964; the Winter Park Architects Collaborative), Church of the Good Shepherd in Maitland (1967), and the Orlando Public Library addition in downtown (1985). His office on Park Avenue (within sight of the post office) is now a bridal shop. But, if you stop and look up at the building, you will discover a set of beautifully articulated wood eaves and sunscreens. His modernist home in Maitland is preserved by the family. Sons Kevin and Garth are active members in the Nils M. Schweizer Fellows, also known as the Central Florida Modernists group. Monthly meetings are held at significant buildings and members advocate for preservation of Modernism throughout Florida. The Fellows also maintain a web-catalog of both MCM and New Modern buildings in the Winter Park/Maitland/Orlando area. Check it out at: http://www.centralfloridamodern.com.

The catalog of buildings is available at the following links:

For more information on preserving modern buildings, visit the Conserving Modern Architecture Initiative, an international project of the Getty Conservation Institute in California. The CMAI includes technical materials, expert testimony, public programs, and conservation projects that you can use to preserve American Modern architecture in your area.  http://www.getty.edu/conservation/our_projects/field_projects/cmai/

About Christine Madrid French:

chrisChristine Madrid French, architectural historian, was born and raised in Los Angeles. She graduated from the University of Utah in Architectural Studies in 1992 and worked for the National Park Service as an historian in Washington, D.C. Ms. French earned a master’s degree in Architectural History from the University of Virginia in 1998. She worked as the Director of the Modernism + Recent Past Program for the National Trust for Historic Preservation in San Francisco, a two-year project funded by the Henry Luce Foundation, through 2011. She taught architectural history at the University of Central Florida and is an Expert Member on the 20th-Century Heritage Committee for the International Council of Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS). Chris currently works as Project Director for Preservation Capen at the Albin Polasek Museum & Sculpture Gardens, the landmark effort to save an 1885 house by cutting it in two and floating it across a lake to the grounds of the museum in 2013. The house is now being restored on its new site.

 

17 Comments

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17 responses to “MidCentury Modern: Winter Park’s Hidden Heritage

  1. SandyW

    Thanks for an informative report on MCM. The Nils Schweizer building on Park Ave has always been A favorite, blending eclectic style with the surrounding old world charm. Now I understand why it speaks to me.

  2. Sandra Blossey

    Diversity is the key to an intelligent, growing city. That is how I like to think about Winter Park. Every day, I encounter diversity in people, homes, architecture, businesses, recreational activities, points of view, etc. To keep the city alive, we must nurture this. SCB

  3. Thank you for representing my home so nicely! I enjoyed the rest of the article as well. This is part of why I love Winter Park.

  4. J. Chambliss

    Reblogged this on ReThinking the City.

  5. madridfrench

    Thanks for your comments and for re-posting!

  6. The Royal House has always intrigued me and I would love to peek inside. I was extremely disappointed to see the listing description, in which the real estate agent described the lot as “the perfect place to build your Monopoly house.” If that place was torn down and replaced with a cookie cutter Winter Park mansion I would be so very sad! Hopefully whoever buys it appreciates its uniqueness and preserves the structure.

  7. SM

    I can’t be the only one who noticed the real estate listing actually encouraging potential buyers to tear down that beautiful MCM house (“the perfect place to build your ‘Monopoly’ house”), am I? Thor Falk, you really maintained a beautiful home. I hope someone buys it who wants to live there, not build a McMansion (or actual mansion).

    • We noticed. Is building a “monopoly house” something to aspire to?

      • Torrie Laughridge

        I drove by this house on Sunday and noticed a placard containing the word DEMO posted to the door. Am I mistaken? If not, what a huge disappointment.

      • I don’t know the specifics, but it is my understanding that the house is being demolished and the lot subdivided. It is indeed disappointing, particularly with so many people building large, modern houses these days in Winter Park. It seems like the existing structure could have been modified nicely to meet someone’s needs. But apparently there were no buyers at the asking price. Thanks for the comment.

      • So, so sad to see the Royal house being torn down this week! What a terrible shame! How does this happen?

  8. Kevin Cunningham

    Here is another MCM home in Winter Park for anybody who may be interested in checking it out. I have taken it off the market, it is currently leased but it’s a great home in a great neighborhood.

    http://www.prairiemod.com/prairiemod/2015/03/frank-sheehy-designed-mason-house-for-sale-soon.html

  9. Pingback: Mid-Century Modern Treasures In Winter Park | Orlando Regional Center for Architecture and Design (ORCAD)

  10. juliebwilliams

    I loved the old Royal house. I can’t believe it’s going (not like I’m supposed). Either way I went and took some photos of it, and I never knew just how it amazing it is (or was). I love that fish pond and the tiles on the west side of the garage. At minimum, the city is preserving the door.

  11. Jay Dittmer VanHoutte

    The “beer can” detail, is a screen made by our father, Walt Dittmer, Jr – Dittmer & Sons, Inc./Dittmer Architectural Aluminum. He still brings out his brochure, today, featuring this screen he invented, and tells all his kids and grandkids all about it. What a wonderful article, except the part regarding the Royal House being demolished. If anyone knows, what happened to the “beer can” screen that was on the front of the Virginia Hall apartments, WP, that was taken off and away, a few years back, please reach out to us at Dittmer Architectural Aluminum. Thank you!

  12. Thank you for sharing this article! I hope that Winter Park figures out that it’s charm and uniqueness attracts good business, tourism and commerce. I hope that the Historical review board and city planners get their act together to preserve it’s Architectural history and not allow the demolition of more mid century buildings to make way for Developer Driven Non-Architecture! We will end up looking like every other cookie cutter, strip mall, WaWa and Walgreen’s on every corner kind of town!! We have lost so many Gems lately and I hold my breath and cringe to think of them demolishing the WP Post Office with my dad’s Dittmer Architectural Aluminum beer can screen or the City Hall on Park Avenue. My dad also had tons of that screen on Virginia Hall Apartments on Aloma Avenue, they tore those off (who knows what they did with those and would give anything to have them) and remodeled (remuddled) and it looks terrible!! We have a beautiful town and it is very quickly loosing it’s character and charm!

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